Lap-Band surgery is an ideal weight loss procedure that reduces the size of the stomach to limit food intake and deliver a more immediate sensation of fullness. While this procedure does carry some slight risks, it is considered a safe weight loss surgery. Doctors say patients typically lose about 40-percent of their excess body weight. Under the newly proposed limits, patients weighing an average of 34 pounds less could now qualify for this procedure. This surgery decreases the patient’s hunger while helping to stop food cravings.
The Lap-Band Surgery Procedure
The weight loss surgery procedure itself requires no stapling and no cutting. It is a surgery done under general anesthesia with the help of a laparoscope meaning that only a few incisions are made in the abdomen. The bariatric surgeon places a silicone band around the upper part of the stomach and fills it with saline solution, creating this way a small pouch. After that, a tube is connected from the device to a tiny access port, which is placed beneath the abdomen skin. If any adjustments are required after the surgery, those are done through this access port.
How the Procedure Helps the Patient
Gastric banding helps the patient to reduce the food amount the stomach can bear. Restricting this way, the calorie intake the patient gradually loses weight and with the right diet and physical exercises can maintain the weight loss.
Concerns with Lap-band Surgery
Like every other surgery, gastric banding also rises some risks and concerns. Problems with the band might occur like band erosion, band leakage, band intolerance or band slippage. Port problems are possible as well, port flip, port leak or port dislocation. Physical symptoms a Lap Band patient might experience when complications occur are difficulties while swallowing, constipation, food trapping, gallstones, nausea and vomiting, gastroesophageal reflux disease, indigestion, food intolerance, infections.
Candidates for Lap-band Surgery
Candidates for gastric banding are those patients who have a BMI of 30 or greater and who have developed one or more obesity-related medical conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol level, heart conditions, sleep apnea, infertility (PCOS), type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, liver and gallbladder disease and stroke. Before undergoing gastric banding it is good if the patient already tried traditional weight loss methods.
Bariatric facilities usually use a multidisciplinary team approach meaning that beside the surgeon and the nurses, the bariatric team will also have: a psychiatrist responsible for the patient’s emotional well-being, a physical therapist who will help the patient to build up a daily routine of targeted exercises, which will help the patient to maintain an active lifestyle and a nutritionist who will give the patient certain guidelines to follow regarding eating habits.
The advantage of having this particular procedure is that you can adjust the satiety level as required. With the lap band system, an inflatable band is placed around the upper stomach, which limits food intake. The surgeon can loosen or tighten the BAND depending upon the rate of weight loss. There is no vitamin or mineral deficiency after the surgery. Pregnancy is another time when an adjustment may be needed, and this is easy with the Lap Band. Adjustable lap band surgery leaves tiny scars that don’t require stitches, which shortens recovery time compared to gastric bypass surgeries. Because the surgery does not actually change the shape of the digestive tract, it can be reversed.